The Faculty of philosophy aims to provide both a solid academic education and a broad orientation in various fields of philosophy. Still, there is a relatively strong concentration on the history of philosophy (ancient, medieval and modern) in its reciprocal relationship with theology.
The core principles forming the basis of the course offerings and the ongoing research in the domain of philosophy at SRPh goes back to the Aristotelian idea (or Aristotelian project) of the 'first philosophy'. The term signifies the most fundamental knowledge, the knowledge of the first principles.
The methodological stress is laid on hermeneutical analysis of the historical transformation of the ontological conceptual horizons, on the one hand, and phenomenological interpretation of some basic ontological notions and problems, on the other. The phenomenological reawakening and reinterpreting of the primordial intentions of European metaphysics led (ironically, - through the critique of phenomenology!) to the XX century post-metaphysical philosophy of being or "otherwise than being": Heidegger's "fundamental ontology" and Levinas' ethical necessity "beyond the essence". Heidegger's 'hermeneutical turn' and his departure from Husserl's phenomenology are to a considerable degree motivated by his intention to restore the primordial understanding of being by the Greeks. A series of meetings and seminars devoted to the problems mentioned above has been held at SRPh under the general heading "Classical and Post-classical Ontology".